After the Second World War, the tuberculosis endemic being at terribly high levels in our country, there was a need to delimit a discipline that would take care of both the epidemiological situation and the fate of the patients. These were the premises and the framework in which the discipline of phthisiology appeared, which at national level developed a network of autonomous hospitals or hospital wards, student preventers, sanatoriums; a centralized national program was developed, all of which were recruited to combat tuberculosis.
The phthisiology clinic in Timisoara also appeared in the context described above and has a history that could be delimited in the following intervals:
The period was characterized both by a prodigious development of scientific activity with a very wide theme, and by the modernization of the clinic's services. Clinical research has been done on the indications and results of the introduction in tuberculosis therapy of some antituberculosis drugs, recently entered into use, of corticotherapy, of some particular forms of tuberculosis, etc. New work compartments appeared within the same modernization action: the resuscitation service, the functional exploration laboratory, the transfusion point, the thematic file of the observation sheets.
Given the tendency of recrudescence of the tuberculosis endemic, the weight of the scientific activity was directed towards the evaluation of the endemic state and of the antituberculous activities; the researches having as theme the application of the methodology for preventing and combating TB in the concrete conditions of the rounded counties.
Since the 1983s, in close collaboration with the laboratory team, new immunological tests have been introduced in clinical practice that has changed the pathogenic approach and understanding of some aspects of the pathology of lung infections. As a result, a multitude of works has been elaborated in which certain concepts of immunopathogenesis of some chronic, pulmonary infectious diseases have been formulated and alternatives of immunomodulation and / or immunochemotherapy have been proposed.